Egypt

The highlights to prepare your travels to ancient Egypt!

Egypt is a country located in the northeastern region of Africa and the southwestern corner of Asia. It is the 3rd most populous country in Africa and the 14th most populous in the world, with a population of approximately 104 million people. Egypt is known for its ancient civilization and monuments, including the pyramids and the Great Sphinx. The country has a rich history dating back thousands of years, including the rule of pharaohs and periods of occupation by various foreign powers. The official language of Egypt is Arabic, and Islam is the dominant religion, with a significant minority of Christians. Cairo is the capital and largest city, and other major cities include Alexandria, Giza, and Luxor.

Egypt’s economy is heavily reliant on tourism, as well as agriculture, petroleum exports, and manufacturing. The country is also home to the Suez Canal, a vital shipping route that connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. The Egyptians themselves are generally social and enjoy spending time with friends and family. Tea and coffee are popular beverages and often served to guests. Egyptian cuisine is diverse and flavorful, with dishes such as falafel, koshari, and ful medames being staples.

Overall, Egypt is a country with a fascinating history and culture, as well as a rapidly developing economy. I propose you visit this place, and here you will read why!

#1 Land and start your journey in Cairo

Cairo is the capital city of Egypt and is one of the largest cities in Africa and the Middle East, with a population of over 20 million people. It is located on the banks of the Nile River and is known for its rich history, culture, and architecture. Already thinking about the famous pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, which are indeed real things, confirms this in once sentences. In addition, there is the Egyptian Museum, which houses a vast collection of artifacts and treasures from ancient Egypt. The city is known for its Islamic architecture, including the Al-Azhar Mosque, which is one of the oldest and most renowned Islamic universities in the world.

In addition to its historical and cultural attractions, Cairo is also a bustling modern city with a vibrant street life, world-class restaurants, and a thriving arts and music scene. The city is famous for its colorful markets, including the Khan el-Khalili bazaar, where visitors can find a wide variety of souvenirs, spices, and other goods. Cairo is a city that offers a unique blend of history, culture, and modernity. This makes it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring Egypt and the Middle East.

When in Cairo, I propose you visit:

  1. Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx: The pyramids are one of the most iconic landmarks in Egypt and the world. The complex consists of three pyramids and the Sphinx, which are believed to have been built over 4,500 years ago.
  2. Egyptian Museum: This museum houses a vast collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts, including the treasures of Tutankhamun’s tomb.
  3. Khan el-Khalili Bazaar: This historic market is one of the most popular attractions in Cairo. It offers a wide variety of souvenirs, spices, and other goods.
  4. Al-Azhar Mosque: This is one of the oldest and most renowned Islamic universities in the world. The mosque is a beautiful example of Islamic architecture.
  5. Citadel of Cairo: This medieval fortress was built by the famous Egyptian ruler Saladin in the 12th century. It offers stunning views of the city and is home to several interesting museums.
  6. Islamic Cairo: This area of the city is home to many historic mosques, madrasas (Islamic schools), and other monuments. Visitors can take a walking tour to explore the area’s rich Islamic heritage.
  7. Coptic Cairo: This is the oldest part of Cairo and is home to many important Christian sites, including the Coptic Museum and the Hanging Church.

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#2 Alexandria at the Mediterranean Sea

Alexandria is a city located on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, about 230 km north of Cairo and the second-largest city in Egypt.┬áFounded by Alexander the Great in 331 BC, Alexandria was once a center of learning and culture in the ancient world. The city was home to the famous Library of Alexandria, which was the largest library in the ancient world and housed many important works of literature, philosophy, and science.┬áToday, Alexandria is a bustling modern city with a mix of historic and contemporary attractions. Visitors can explore the ancient ruins of the city, including the Pompey’s Pillar, the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa, and the Roman Amphitheater. The city is also home to several museums, including the Alexandria National Museum, which houses a collection of artifacts from ancient Egyptian and Greco-Roman periods.

Alexandria’s coastal location makes it a popular destination for beachgoers, and the city has several public beaches where visitors can relax and enjoy the Mediterranean sea. The Corniche, a long coastal road that runs along the city’s waterfront, is also a popular spot for strolling, people-watching, and enjoying views of the sea.

When in Alexandria, I propose you visit:

  1. Bibliotheca Alexandrina: A modern library is a tribute to the ancient Library of Alexandria and houses millions of books, manuscripts, and artifacts.
  2. Pompey’s Pillar: This is a Roman column located in the middle of Alexandria. It stands 27 meters tall and was built in honor of the Emperor Diocletian.
  3. The Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa: This is a complex of tombs and chambers dating back to the 2nd century AD. The catacombs feature a blend of Roman and Egyptian styles.
  4. Citadel of Qaitbay: This is a 15th-century fortress located on the Mediterranean coast. It offers stunning views of the sea and the city.
  5. Montazah Palace Gardens: This is a beautiful palace and gardens located on the eastern edge of Alexandria. A very nice mix of Islamic and European architectural styles.

#3 Into the heat of Luxor and Aswan

Luxor is a city located in Upper/Middle Egypt. It is often referred to as the world’s largest open-air museum due to its impressive ancient monuments. These attractions, or better to say historic monuments, were built thousands of years ago and serve as a testament to the remarkable achievements of ancient Egyptian civilization. The Nile River flows through Luxor, and many of the city’s attractions are located along its banks. A Nile River cruise is a popular way to explore the sights of Luxor.

When in Luxor, I propose you visit:

  1. Visit the Karnak Temple Complex: This vast religious complex is one of the largest in the world and contains a multitude of impressive ancient structures and monuments. Allow plenty of time to explore the site and marvel at the grandeur of the ancient architecture.
  2. Explore the Valley of the Kings: This is the burial ground of many pharaohs from the New Kingdom era, including the famous King Tutankhamun. Visit the tombs of these ancient rulers to see the intricate decorations and learn more about their lives and legacies.
  3. Check out the Luxor Museum: This museum contains a wealth of artifacts and exhibits that provide insight into ancient Egyptian civilization. Highlights include a collection of statues and relics from the Valley of the Kings.
  4. Take a hot air balloon ride: A hot air balloon ride over Luxor provides a unique perspective on the city’s ancient monuments and the Nile River.
  5. Visit the Luxor Temple: This impressive temple is located in the heart of the city and was dedicated to the gods Amun, Mut, and Khonsu. Explore the temple’s impressive columns, statues, and carvings to gain a deeper appreciation for ancient Egyptian religion and culture.
  6. Go on a Nile River Felluca cruise: Many Nile River cruises start or end in Luxor, offering a relaxing and scenic way to explore the region and see many of its key attractions.

Aswan is a city in southern Egypt, located on the east bank of the Nile River. It is the third-largest city in Upper Egypt and is known for its beautiful natural scenery and ancient historical sites. Aswan has a warm desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters, making it a popular destination for tourists throughout the year.

One of the most famous attractions in Aswan is the Aswan High Dam, which was built in the 1960s to control the flooding of the Nile River and generate hydroelectric power. The dam is one of the largest in the world and provides electricity to much of Egypt.

Aswan is also home to several ancient temples and ruins, including the Temple of Philae, the Temple of Abu Simbel, and the Unfinished Obelisk. The Temple of Philae is an island temple dedicated to the goddess Isis. The Temple of Abu Simbel on the other hand is a massive rock temple built by Ramses II and features four colossal statues of the pharaoh. 

In addition to its historical and cultural attractions, Aswan is also known for its markets and bazaars, where visitors can purchase traditional Egyptian handicrafts and souvenirs. This city is in overall just truly magnificent and I propose everyone who want the complete Egyptian experience should go here!

#4 Explore the corals and animals at the Red Sea

The Red Sea is known for its stunning beauty, and the Egyptian side of the sea is no exception. The sea is famous for its crystal-clear waters and vibrant coral reefs, making it a popular destination for snorkeling and diving.

The Red Sea coastline in Egypt stretches for over 800 miles, and it features a diverse range of landscapes, from sandy beaches to rocky cliffs. Some of the most popular areas for diving and snorkeling in Egypt include Sharm El-Sheikh, Dahab, Hurghada, and Marsa Alam. These areas are known for their incredible marine life, including colorful fish, sea turtles, and even dolphins and whales.

Additionally, the Red Sea is surrounded by stunning mountain ranges, providing a breathtaking backdrop for visitors. The Sinai Peninsula, for example, is home to Mount Sinai, which is considered one of the holiest mountains in the world and attracts many visitors for its spiritual significance as well as its stunning scenery.

In overall, the Red Sea from the Egypt side is incredibly beautiful and offers a unique and unforgettable experience for those who visit. Go there to swim next to the turtles!